Can writers get fanfiction published


Fanfiction is a popular type of literature produced by fans of a particular TV show, movie, book, or any other form of media, with some communities generating thousands of works per year. The fanfiction sphere represents a wide array of genres and styles, and writers often take remarkable creative liberties with characters and storylines. However, one question lingers: Can authors get their fanfiction published? Here is a detailed exploration of what you need to know from various angles.

Copyright Laws

The most critical consideration for any aspiring author in the fanfiction domain is the copyright law. As fanfiction typically incorporates characters and scenarios from existing works, copyright infringement could occur. In the majority of situations, fanfiction is considered a derivative work, shielding it under the umbrella of 'fair use'. However, not always will this protection extend to commercial use.

Can writers get fanfiction published

Some authors and creators expressly prohibit fanfiction of their works, like Anne Rice and George R.R. Martin. Nonetheless, many others, like J.K. Rowling, welcome the homage. Writers must be cautious and respectful about the source material's intellectual rights. Infringing upon the rights can lead to lawsuits or cease and desist notices.

From Fanfiction to Publication

Despite the legal complexities, some fanfiction authors have successfully transitioned into published authors. Case in point: E.L. James's "Fifty Shades of Grey" started as "Twilight" fanfiction. But to publish her work, James had to remove all elements directly associated with Meyers's Twilight series. Referred to as 'filing off the serial numbers', this process involves replacing and reimagining copyrighted characters and story elements.

Furthermore, Cassandra Clare, known for the Mortal Instruments series, also began her writing career with Harry Potter and Lord of the Rings fanfiction before hitting the big leagues. It proves that fanfiction can be a stepping stone for aspiring authors to showcase their creativity and capture the attention of publishers.

Online Fanfiction Platforms: Wattpad and Archive of Our Own (AO3)

Wattpad and Archive of Our Own (AO3) are popular websites where fanfiction writers can take their first steps. Wattpad is immensely user-friendly, with a rich community of writers and readers. Besides fanfiction, it also features various other genres. Some fanfiction authors have even scored publishing deals through Wattpad, though these are generally exceptions.

AO3, on the other hand, is strictly for fanfiction. It embraces many kinds of fics, including those that are adult-oriented or contain explicit content. Its advanced tagging system makes searching for specific fandoms or themes easy for readers. However, its lack of an official app may be a turn-off for some users.

Hybrid Publishing: Kindle Worlds

Kindle Worlds, an initiative by Amazon, earlier used to offer a platform for fanfiction writers to earn money from their works legally. The platform allowed writers to publish stories set in licensed 'Worlds', following certain content guidelines. Any copyright issues were bypassed thanks to licensing agreements with the original creators. While the program was discontinued in 2018, it represented a promising approach to monetizing fanfiction.

Self-Publishing Platforms: Amazon Kindle Direct Publishing

Amazon's Kindle Direct Publishing (KDP) is another tool that fanfiction writers can leverage. KDP is a convenient self-publishing platform, giving authors control over their work's pricing, cover design, and royalties. However, the same copyright considerations apply; authors must ensure their work doesn't infringe upon others' intellectual property rights before publishing.


Q: Can fanfiction be published legally?
A: Yes, if derivatives are significantly different from the original and don't violate the copyright laws.

Q: Are platforms like Wattpad and AO3 safe to share fanfiction?
A: Yes, these platforms have terms of service that protect writers. However, copyright laws must be respected.

Q: Can fanfiction make money?
A: Yes, but it’s a tricky legal area. Some platforms like Kindle Worlds allowed this, but it has been discontinued.


In conclusion, fanfiction writers have the potential to get their work published, navigating the tricky copyright waters to make their mark in the literary world. A promising stepping stone for many undiscovered talents, fanfiction allows authors to explore imaginary worlds and beloved characters from a unique vantage point. Armed with creativity and knowledge of copyright laws, fanfiction authors can dare to dream of publication.


1. Tushnet, R. (2008). Copyright Law, Fan Practices, and the Rights of the Author. The Yale Law Journal, 4.

2. Jenkins, H. (2013). Textual Poachers: Television Fans & Participatory Culture. Routledge.

3. James, E. L. (2011). Fifty Shades of Grey. Vintage Books.

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